Application of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing to treat childhood syndromes

Research Opportunity
PhD students, Masters by Research, Honours students, Master of Biomedical Science
Department / Centre
Medicine and Radiology
Location
St Vincent's Institute of Medical Research
Primary Supervisor Email Number Webpage
A/Prof Andrew Deans adeans@svi.edu.au 92312505 Personal web page
Co-supervisor Email Number Webpage
Dr Astrid Glaser aglaser@svi.edu.au

Summary This project will develop new cutting-edge technologies for the correction of inherited mutations responsible for all manner of human disease.

Project Details

CRISPR-Cas9 is a powerful sequence specific DNA cutting enzyme that can be used to correct genetic mutations. However, Cas9 breaks are repaired by one of two major pathways in cells: Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and homology-directed repair (HDR). Disruptive NHEJ can occur at any stage throughout the cell cycle in the absence of homologous DNA. In contrast, introduction of specific mutations via HDR is restricted to the S and G2 phases and depends upon the availability of a suitable DNA template. Thus, HDR-based genome editing approaches are often restricted by unwanted NHEJ events, particularly in clinically relevant systems. Overcoming this limitation would greatly increase the therapeutic potential of genome editing.

The student will utilise the Genome Stability Unit’s expertise in DNA repair and know-how in gene editing technology to force HDR and suppress NHEJ during CRISPR-Cas9 gene correction. You will use our EGFP to BFP conversion assay (Glaser A., et al Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 2016 doi: http://doi.org/10.1038/mtna.2016.48) to investigate DNA repair pathway choice, and to identify novel strategies that bias CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing towards HDR. This will be achieved through the fusion of protein domains lending HDR-promoting qualities to Cas9. Fusions that promote HDR will then be tested in model gene editing systems, for eventual translation into human use – the project here allows some flexibility based on student interest or expertise as to the exact disease to be modelled. This is an exciting project, that has direct translational potential for application in near-future use of gene editing in treatment of human disease.



Faculty Research Themes

Child Health

School Research Themes

Child Health in Medicine



Research Opportunities

PhD students, Masters by Research, Honours students, Master of Biomedical Science
Students who are interested in joining this project will need to consider their elegibility as well as other requirements before contacting the supervisor of this research

Graduate Research application

Honours application

Key Contact

For further information about this research, please contact a supervisor.

Department / Centre

Medicine and Radiology

Research Node

St Vincent's Institute of Medical Research

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