Effect of uraemic toxins of vascular reactivity
- Research Opportunity
- Honours, Master of Biomedical Science
- Project Status
- Medicine and Radiology
- St Vincent's Hospital
|Dr Andrew Kompafirstname.lastname@example.org||9288 3244||Personal web page|
Cardiovascular disease in the setting of chronic kidney disease (CKD) displays unique characteristics, primarily left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy with extensive interstitial fibrosis as well as endothelial dysfunction, arterial stiffness, calcification and inflammation, collectively termed ‘uraemic cardiomyopathy’. Uraemic toxins are elevated in the circulation of patients with CKD, and due to their strong binding affinity to serum proteins (ie albumin), they are unable to be removed from the circulation even by conventional dialysis, being too large to pass through the pore o the dialysis membrane.
Indoxyl sulphate (IS) is one such uraemic toxin that has been extensively examined in cells and animal models of disease. IS has been demonstrated to exert deleterious effects in cardiac, renal, vascular and immune cells, and in tissues from man and animal models.
Recently an intracellular receptor for IS was identified, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a cytosolic ligand-dependent transcription factor mediating numerous biological processes including inflammation, vascular remodeling, and atherosclerosis. IS activation of this receptor is known to target the oxidative stress pathway by both genomic and non-genomic mechanisms.
This project will assess the vascular reactivity of aortic vessels exposed to the uraemic toxin IS and its inhibition using selective AhR antagonists methoxy-nitro-flavone (MNF) and CH223191 in aortic rings. Following experiments the endothelium will be examined using immunohistochemistry. This project will potentially identify a novel agent to treat vascular and inflammatory changes in patients’ with CKD.
This research project is available to Honours, Master of Biomedical Science students to join as part of their thesis.
Please contact the supervisor to discuss your options.
School Research Themes
For further information about this research, please contact a supervisor.